1. Konfigurasi elektron unsur yang bernomor t aturan Hund, jika tiga elektron atom 23 adalah. (Ebtanas ). Ketiga aturan dijelaskan secara detail. More lessons will be added soon. ✕ Download. Asas Aufbau, Kaidah Hund, dan Asas Larangan Pauli. 0. 4 plays. . elektron Sub kulit f maksimal 14 elektron Urutan sub kulit diatas bisa ditemukan dalam diagram Mnemonik Moeler: Aturan Hund: dalam subkulit yang sama.

Author: Tern Zunos
Country: Fiji
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Marketing
Published (Last): 15 June 2007
Pages: 106
PDF File Size: 1.51 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.28 Mb
ISBN: 437-1-75121-323-5
Downloads: 18484
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zulucage

Banyaknya kotak ditentukan berdasarkan bilangan kuantum magnetik, yaitu:. Aufa Ikhsan 13 Oktober This adds potential energy to them, so their energy level is higher. Hund’s rule of maximum aturaan. Views Read Edit View history. The direction is furthermore arbitrary except in, say, a magnetic or electric field.

Unknown 27 Agustus This page was last edited on 10 Octoberat This would be because the spin angular momentum of a single hole would be opposite in sign compared to the spin angular momentum of a single electron.

Hund’s First Rule Maximize Spin Multiplicity According to the first rule, electrons always enter an empty orbital before they pair up.

The orbitals of the subshell are each occupied singly with electrons of parallel spin before double occupation occurs. Thus when determining the ordering of energy levels in general only the outer valence electrons must be considered.

  MANUAL HELISA GRATIS PDF

Dalam penulisan konfigurasi elektron dan diagram orbital perlu berlandaskan pada tiga prinsip hujd yaitu prinsip aufbau, autran Hund dan aturan penuh setengah penuh. Certainly, 1s orbitals should be filled before 2s orbitals, because the 1s orbitals have a lower value of n, and thus a lower energy. Chandra Pittza 10 Juli Bila subkulit terakhirnya pada s atau p maka digolongkan dalam golongan A utama sedangkan bila subkulit terakhirnya pada d maka digolongkan dalam golongan B transisi.

Hund’s rules

All things being equal, the total spin angular momentum of the 1 electron system would be opposite in sign to whatever the total spin angular momentum of the 5 electron system is.

Azas Aufbau menyatakan bahwa: What matters is atkran relative momentum vectors of the various electrons in the system, and hence their sum total.

You can kind of see this if you draw out all the microstates of the 1-electron and 5-electron configurations: Muhammad Haidar 15 September Mohon untuk berkenan pemilik materi hhe. What is the term of lowest energy state for the following atoms and ions.

Aturan ini menyatakan bahwa: Sasa Ismi 30 September Boleh ga materi ini saya copy ke aplikasi android yg mau saya buat? In this case the open shell is 3d 2 and the allowed terms include three singlets 1 S, 1 D, and 1 G and two triplets 3 P and 3 F.

  ATILLA GIRGIN HABER YAZMAK PDF

According to the first rule, electrons always enter an empty orbital before they pair up. Not to be confused with Hund’s cases. Dalam setiap sub kulit mempunyai batasan elektron yang dapat diisikan yakni: The rules assume that the repulsion between the outer electrons is much greater than the spin—orbit interaction, which is in turn stronger than any other remaining interactions.

Bing Microsoft Translator

Satu kotak orbital berisi 2 elektron, satu tanda panah mengarah ke atas dan satu lagi mengarah ke bawah. Nomor kulit terbesarnya adalah 4 dalam 4s1 maka Cr terletak dalam periode 4.

So the ground state is from this more narrowed list: Buah Kasih 23 September In what order should they be filled? Nund rule deals with reducing the repulsion between electrons.

Keren gan pembahasannya, salam dari saya FajarYusuf.